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1 de Ie Fontaine-Wícart, Nicolas Bg u пат 1n Valenciennes le Clerc. Catherine 5 Б В Ост rub-0 *g 'uw-J _'CD О. си Ш п 4 п 2 Jakob Buiret'te Quintine de le. Lebensversicherungssumme bei den verschiedenen Guterständen des BG. 2 Kneip, Nicolas: Erklärung des heiligen Messopfers für das christliche Volk. Neukirch, F. I , Neukomm, K. IV , , Neuland, W. II , ; III , – s. Eliasberg, H. II Gastinel, P. III 78 New, B. G. u. J. B. Erich II 63, S. J. IV , , Nichol, E. S. II Nicholas u. Agassiz II Neumann Nicolas. Raum: KoZi 2; DW: Kontakt. Neumann Nicolas. Position: BSP. Kontaktformular. Eine E-Mail senden. Alle mit (*) markierten Felder werden​. J. Lacroix Hist. d'une grande Dame. jimmyolssonmotorsport.se Paris, Cadot. 41". Bg. 15 Fr. – P. Am 3. Aug zu Boulogne der Seelieutenant a. D. Sir Nicholas Harris.

Erfordert Absicht im Sinne des § 5 Abs 2 StGB; bloßer Wiederholungsvorsatz Angeklagten Nicolas C gegen das Urteil des Landesgerichtes für Strafsachen. Market values. Competitions. My TM. Live jimmyolssonmotorsport.se​nicolas-feldhahn/leistungsdatendetails/ FC Bayern Munich II. Nicholas Tischler. Vorname: Nicholas Nachname: Tischler Team: Baunach Im Verein seit: Stationen: - , BG Regnitztal (DE).

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Everything depends on context and your ability to choose wisely. Again, refer to The Well-Spoken Thesaurus if need be, but try to do this one yourself.

If the talk began to wander, or become too familiar, I would quickly find a reason to excuse myself. I had grown too comfortable in my privacy, the safest place I knew.

I had grown too comfortable in my solitude, the safest place I knew. Turn a word or phrase one way, and it conveys a certain meaning.

Turn it upside down or on to its side, and it means something else entirely. When you think like this, it becomes easier to play with words in a creative way.

But if you were to pick it up and rotate it ever so slightly in your mind, it would appear physically altered, perhaps without any capitalization, and therefore less movielike and more phrase-like.

In this excerpt from a Salon. But before we go any further, consider that wordpair: the Oscars. Pick it up and turn it about in your mind.

You realize that in all your past readings, never once did you really notice that word until you had taken the time to learn its meaning.

In each occurrence, your brain fills in the empty spaces as best it knows how, based on the incomplete aspects of your incomplete vocabulary.

But older kids will more often give a different answer. Take a moment to group two of the animals yourself.

Stephen J. Ceci at Cornell University. They simply have not yet been introduced to that particular concept or word.

This experiment suggests that the introduction of a single word into your vocabulary can transform the way you perceive reality. The implications are immediate.

If words allow you to see that which you cannot otherwise see, then imagine what you are missing in your life today.

It raises the question: how blind are you really? De-familiarization is anything a writer does that is unusual or out of the ordinary.

Writers and speakers de-familiarize what they say because they want your attention, and they want to more effectively make their points.

Because that sort of language would be completely out of the ordinary for such a person, and hardly in keeping with decorum.

You would have paired the robin with the eagle. You would not have seen de-familiarization occurring before your very eyes, because it was not a part of your vocabulary.

Unless you happen to be that rare breed given to discovering new phenomena, you need the word to see the thing.

Your efforts in reducing the frequency with which they occur are greatly appreciated. Melodrama: Jacqueline Susann, Valley of the Dolls The temperature hit ninety degrees the day she arrived.

New York was steaming, an angry concrete animal caught unawares in an unseasonable hot spell. There was a clock on the wall.

Just an hour hand, and a minute hand. It was electric. It was completely silent, like the room. I was watching the minute hand intently.

Pretension: Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power There is nothing that man fears more than the touch of the unknown. He wants to see what is reaching towards him, and to be able to recognize or at least classify it.

Man always tends to avoid physical contact with anything strange. Why would you want to rhetorically dismiss half the people on the planet every time you communicate some grand universal notion?

Speak to everyone. After September 11, , you thought our country had changed for the better.

But the months that followed proved otherwise. We began to divide ourselves and the partisan bickering that had been absent from blood donor lines and church services started all over again.

Propagandists crave division, and come well versed in language designed to sow it. Alex, my webmaster daughter, is the third author. Bad enough we had to fit Evanovich on once, much less twice!

This is insufferable. Sometimes even the greatest of writers need to be reminded to take in the slack. Too much sugar will make your writing seem flowery and pretentious.

Suppose you had written the above passage as part of a rough draft, and now the time had come to polish it up a bit with The Well-Spoken Thesaurus.

Take care to select the proper ratios and flavors. An embarrassment of sugar will leave your prose flowery and pretentious.

Too much garlic, and your writing will taste academic and stiff. And always be mindful of your audience. Try not to serve vichyssoise to a coal miner, and do not give Cheerios to the queen of England.

Neither will be amused. No conventional thesaurus can do that. No vocabulary builder. No style guide. Start with the boxes.

They contain some of the most impressive examples of eloquence this book has to offer. Then move to the common word entries, under which you will often find not one but several eloquent alternatives.

It must not be thought, however, that my choices are informed by anything other than personal taste. So feel free to take exception, and memorize the one alternative that most appeals to you.

In any case, the quickest and most effective way to do this is to write each of your favored alternatives on flash cards paired against their corresponding common word entries and review them daily.

Only then will these words begin to inform the way you speak. Also, as a general rule, limit the use of foreign and academic words to those occasions when your subject is foreign or, when your audience is peopled with academics.

I include both categories as words that are good to know but not necessarily to use at every occasion.

Finally, should you ever happen upon any eloquent words or phrases that I have neglected, email them to me along with your name and address.

They met upon the third Wednesday of every month and read each other long, dull papers upon the history of English magic.

In love, in art, in avarice, in politics, in labor, in games, we study to utter our painful secret.

The man is only half himself, the other half is his expression. Nobody else could believe, until it was much too late, how heartless and greedy they were.

The look of the town is all I remember. And yet I can hear the sound of the door as we closed it behind us for good. There is talk of a merger.

This is without question the best beer on the menu. Its boards were bowed and creaking; it had been maltreated in its own time.

Samuel Johnson was born, on Sept. He died on Dec. His Falstaffian vitalism is always my first thought when I reread, teach again or continue brooding upon the canonical critic of Western literature.

It is violence punctuated by committee meetings. But all those things will be regarded as high qualities if he can make them the means to achieve great ends.

I am caught and tangled around by their doings. It is as if their lives left a weaving of invisible threads in the air of this house, of this town, of this county.

And I stumbled and fell into them. These become their immediate theme; and the result is that they are always under their influence, and so never, in any real sense of the word, are original.

I make no secret of my past. It comes in the wake of a full moon. This pottery is of similar date.

A feverish, a brutal crowd. On his feet near the door, closely pressed in a bank of human bodies and sharing the heavy atmosphere passing in and out of their mouths, he stared without seeing them at the black and rumbling vaults over which flickered the shining eyes of the train.

You cover nine hundred miles in two weeks: the whole of Anatolia in a cloud of dust. Without hurry, without rest, the human spirit goes forth from the beginning to embody every faculty, every thought, every emotion, which belongs to it, in appropriate events.

Henry Dashwood to his wishes, which proceeded not merely from interest, but from goodness of heart, gave him every degree of solid comfort which his age could receive; and the cheerfulness of the children added a relish to his existence.

The water is slow with cold, and on its surface it wrinkles as it moves, or even, sometimes, makes plates or flakes that are solid.

This is ice. His presentation was well-received. You will find thick water, not light and quick moving as it is with us. Free they are not.

Woodward, New York Times, Nov. But unlike that quaint or perhaps faux quaint town, New London is becoming as recognized for its independent art scene as for its handsome harbor.

For instance, Darwinism was accepted as a matter of course. Her dismissal came as a consequence of her own making. On Thursday afternoons he drives to Greenpoint.

Punctually at 2 p. It is a feature of his profession on which he does not remark to Soraya.

I think now that maybe I never would. And on that instant Brother Juniper made the resolve to inquire into the secret lives of those five persons, that moment falling through the air, and to surprise the reason of their taking off.

With both you are working with reality, a material just as hard as wood. She refused to lend support to either party. A good lawyer knows when to speak, and when to keep her counsel.

I get off my bicycle and refuse to go further in their company, or I pretend to be insulted and tell them in no uncertain terms to clear off.

One of them was a science fiction writer named Kilgore Trout. He was a nobody at the time, and he supposed his life was over.

He was mistaken. As a consequence of the meeting, he became one of the most beloved and respected human beings in history.

Sucksby a penny to take me begging at a play. People used to like to take me begging then, for the sake of my bright hair; and Flora being also very fair, she would pass me off as her sister.

It died for want of water and sun. If the talk began to wander, or cross the border into familiarity, I would soon find reason to excuse myself.

Any distress at the termination of my intrigue with Betty was amply compensated for by my joy at the happy ending of a troublesome affair which might have proved fatal for me.

It must be, if the nebular hypothesis has any truth, older than our world; and long before this earth ceased to be molten, life upon its surface must have begun its course.

It may be that the birth and death of the day had some part in the feeling about the two ranges of mountains. There are those who expect a political system to produce that; and others who expect the love to produce the system.

My own faith is that the truth of the future lies between the two and we shall behave humanly and a bit humanely, stumbling along, haphazardly generous and gallant, foolishly and meanly wise until the rape of our planet is seen to be the preposterous folly that it is.

He believed in giving creatures a little time to think, so he stood in the sun a few minutes until the rattler calmed down and crawled out a hole.

For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness.

There is considerable debate over how best to prevent future oil spills. They looked at her coldly, as if they were finding fault with her.

And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself. You are finding fault when the fault is your own. This troubled her, and in her manner she was all the more gentle and anxious for her children, as if she loved them very much.

Maybe the less you have, the more you are required to boast. But it will be a pity if it completely overshadows how significant a story the killing of the British soldiers has become in their country.

What the incidents may have most in common is that they occasion a reckoning of the costs of war. With nothing in common but their destitution, they mustered to sleep together in the Porch of Our Lord, cursing, insulting and jostling each other, picking quarrels with old enemies, or throwing earth and rubbish, even rolling on the ground and spitting and biting with rage.

But the thought is always prior to the fact; all the facts of history preexist in the mind as laws.

John was not what one could term a scholar. Thomas Aquinas, as almost every page of his works proves He was philosophical. He is trying my flesh, I thought.

But by and by my breathing slowed and I grew calmer. The words escape me. He was often hungry but he was not usually worried because he did not give any importance to what happened to himself and he knew from experience how simple it was to move behind the enemy lines in all this country.

This vintage falls under the rubric of table wine. Obesity stems from a disregard for healthy food. Next year, next week, tomorrow, I will no doubt be gone, and it will be a small size coffin they will need for me, and a narrow hole.

I make no pretensions to virtue. Our father was drowned in a sailing accident when we were young, and our mother has always stressed the fact that our familial relationships have a kind of permanence that we will never meet with again.

He likes to cast himself as the family patriarch. Coetzee, Disgrace Like all animals, humans come from a preexisting species.

Like all animals, humans are descended from a preexisting species. If the eyes were not such well behaving creatures, that spent their time trying their best to convey the world and all its gore to him, good portions of life might not be so dismal.

Certain aspects were exaggerated at the expense of others. Her love and support is unfailing.

The answer cannot lie in the beasts themselves. Pigs, after all, are quite companionable, and dogs are said to be delicious. He had been hired with the proviso that he bring his clients with him.

A serious writer may be a hawk or a buzzard or even a popinjay, but a solemn writer is always a bloody owl. His rough outer shell belied a soft heart.

An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility. The witness has been less than forthcoming.

My hands were blistered, my back was burned, my body ached. But of course I was not allowed to get up at that hour, so I had to control my curiosity until a quarter to seven.

Then I could bear it no longer and went to the dining room, where I received a warm welcome from Moortje the cat. They are my colleagues.

She is not without her detractors. Out in the Midwest I had certainly been waiting eagerly, I can tell you that. An avant-guard writer, the first of a new generation, he was handsome, fair, large, serious, witty, he was learned.

The guy had it all. Half of them fell upon the flat of her back, the balance dangled uneasily over her breast. She did not see them or think of them.

And I want to live a quiet life there. He disavowed any knowledge of the affair. The ship, heeling in the wind, is intent upon its business, and passengers and crew have lost sight of him, a pinpoint in the immensity of the sea.

I expected nothing less. Do not think that I am very much impressed by that as a boxing title, but it meant a lot to Cohn.

He cared nothing for boxing, in fact he disliked it, but he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the feeling of inferiority and shyness he had felt on being treated as a Jew at Princeton.

I take issue with her draconian ways. A short time ago he was on board, a member of the crew busy on deck with the rest, a living being with his share of air and sunlight.

What has become of him now? He slipped and fell, and this is the end. He is quick to belittle anyone with whom he disagrees. I take no pleasure in it.

But this matters not. It matters only that the light is precious and we should not waste it to write when we need it for that work which is our crime.

Nothing matters save the work, our secret, our evil, our precious work. She is not one to suffer fools gladly.

Scott, New York Times, Nov. In the dark, the fear of an unexpected touch can mount to panic. Even clothes give insufficient security; it is easy to tear them and pierce through to the naked, smooth, defenseless flesh of the victim.

You know nothing of this country. I took little notice of it. Thank God. It showed a lady fitted out with a fur hat and fur boa who sat upright, raising a heavy fur muff that covered the whole of her lower arm towards the viewer.

Her reading tastes could be described as fairly benighted. It is nothing for you to look the other way. It also taught me the highs and, sadly, the lows that the professional kitchen can provoke.

Her manner was to take the reader by surprise. In the middle of a flattened rambling paragraph, deceived by warm stretches of reflection, you came upon hard cartilage.

I judged he was sixty years of age. More land than landscape. It is a fearful word, alone. Do not embellish the story. It was a shred of matter harboring a light, with large eyes that were always cast down; a pretext for a soul to linger on earth.

I am something of an authority on imported beers. He has shown himself to be unworthy of our trust and support.

Hacket turned the corner and saw, in the failing light, at some little distance, his seat. It seemed to be occupied.

The few clothing items that are made of cotton make a sincere point of being cotton and tell you earnestly about their percent cottonness with faux-hand-scribbled labels so obviously on the green bandwagon they practically spit pine cones.

I asked him why on earth was he beginning to talk of that already. These are more extravagant.

Every morning she came in like that, and every morning prayed that the daily interview might pass off well. I think he harbors feelings of resentment.

It was addressed in a feminine hand. Where I ever got such an idea I cannot say, unless it could be that the morning came over the peaks of the Gabilans and the night drifted back from the ridges of the Santa Lucias.

All that remains is to tell the traveler how to find his way about it. I am in favor of free speech. He had been in the fields for all of fourteen hours.

It is a true one, and that makes it hard to tell. Pearl S. The library has a Usonian feel to it. During his nineteen years imprisonment he had not shed a tear.

It was, all things considered, the wrong choice to make. She tried to circumvent the regulations. As souvenirs. For fifty dollars!

Here he enjoyed his spirit and his solitude and for ten years did not tire of it. She will be held to account for her actions. You should tender a formal apology.

He acquitted himself brilliantly. It was very quiet in the grove and there was the sound of the raindrops continuing to fall from the trees although the rain had ended.

When Sorrel touched him on the arm he was glad of it; he was thinking of his dead children. You will forgo any more luxuries.

My views are consistent with those of the administration. He forgot to say, with every death it ends. Or did not think he needed to.

Because for a goodly part of his life he worked in a graveyard. A voyage is like a shipwreck, and those whose boat has never sunk will never know anything about the sea.

The rest is skating or tourism. I shall listen to the authority of the dream that mounts within me. He holds his purchase on a wide swath of the executive branch.

Soraya is not her real name, that he is sure of. There are signs she has borne a child, or children.

Every man is an inlet to the same and to all of the same. He that is once admitted to the right of reason is made a freeman of the whole estate.

What Plato has thought, he may think; what a saint has felt, he may feel; what at any time has befallen any man, he can understand.

Who hath access to this universal mind is a party to all that is or can be done, for this is the only and sovereign agent.

What became of the child? Austerity and privations have given way to a classy, comfortable small hotel.

They will take issue with that. I bear him no ill-will. And I strive earnestly not to envy, not to grow little snips and slips and buds and seeds of jealousy.

He had literally to fight his way free of it. Hold up your tail, Satin! The concierge was more than accommodating. In retrospect, we should have exercised more caution.

Nevertheless he does not cease to hold to them. The enchiladas were O. He handed back the paper to Robert Jordan and looked him over.

How much have you brought me. I am all alone. After a while it cools down of course, especially as I take little notice of ardent looks and pedal blithely on.

The two little boys become presences between them, playing quiet as shadows in a corner of the room where their mother and the strange man couple.

Her ideas were well-received, if a bit derivative. But this glance between himself and Soraya he regrets at once.

At New York he gave her an enameled bracelet, at Eid a little malachite heron that caught his eye in a curio shop.

He enjoys her pleasure, which is quite unaffected. Coetzee, Disgrace in a bigger or stronger way -writ large Conceptually speaking, an observatory is nothing more than a very big telescope.

Conceptually speaking, an observatory is nothing more than a telescope writ large. I was not privy to the conversation.

The buildings were nondescript. Garnaut aimed for at her restaurants, where diplomats, power brokers, and literati mingled over Champagne and caviar.

He is, if nothing else, entertaining. It beats old age, disease, or falling down the cellar stairs. It recalls my childhood. I love you straightforwardly, without complexities or pride; so I love you because I know no other way.

By her likewise I was bred to a plain, inexpensive way of living, very different from the common luxury of the rich. My present station, power, the amount of worldly happiness at my command, and the rest of it, seem to be devoid of significance.

But with a cast led by the formidable French actress Isabelle Humpert in a magnificently mannered performance, it is the very opposite of an aphrodisiac.

You continue to play host to his offensive behavior. Your ambition knows no bounds. Here is another: let us try to distinguish it as if it were literally a little world, and spinning closely now into our vision.

The Shroud of Turin bears a striking resemblance to a photographic negative. He gave no reply, but regarded me as he would a seal or a porpoise thrown up by the waves, that would shortly expire and then be cut up for food.

I may have taken for fact what was no more than probability, but I have never put down as true what I knew to be false.

You delight in my torment. His mother was hanging up pots and pans after the noon dinner. You will expose yourself to ridicule.

His academic specialty had been comparative literature. But his real career at Princeton had consisted of playing the piano and inventing bright little songs for parties and shows.

He often had to keep her in her place. Your employment at this company precludes you from taking part in the sweepstakes.

It may prove to be your undoing. We differ only on the margins. He is driven by greed. He began to rub his brown hair, cropped in order to conceal the unmilitary curl natural to it.

The funds were not forthcoming. The bill has languished in the senate for months. The world was so recent that many things lacked names, and in order to indicate them it was necessary to point.

The laws say that none among men may be alone, ever and at any time, for this is the great transgression and the root of all evil.

She said it with tongue firmly in cheek. That remains to be seen. Try to keep the colorful language to a minimum.

It sealed their contract. Is there any harm in continuing? The car was parked toward the rear of the shop, an elderly grey-blue Dodge.

The new policy was implemented at her behest. Have you prayed for him? But this is a delusion to which the bad reader succumbs.

The good reader is aware that the quest for real life, real people, and so forth is a meaningless process when speaking of books.

There is but one. I have only three. The rich, the famous and the nothing in particular all hurry back because they are getting old.

Though I chafed it, the heel quickly swelled till I could not so much as hobble for the pain. These are pretty standard fare.

There is no bad luck in the world but white folks. It suits you well. Ad hominem arguments do nothing to further your point.

Stop sounding so affected. His joke was off-color. Ready yourself. It was obvious to Nicole that her parents wanted her off their hands.

I will not allow you to compromise my ability to operate effectively. Even now some interior joke seemed to be amusing her, for she was smiling to herself, and her brown eyes were like very bright round marbles.

He could not lie awake during these hours. He wanted to sleep, enter a lovely blackness, a dark, but not too dark, resting place, unhaunted, unpeopled, with no flickering presences.

I was absolved of any wrongdoing. You are operating at the margins. Darkness took over and the specters of the trees giving out a fragrant aroma were cast into semi-obscurity.

He had to bear with this in spite of being a bishop and because he was a bishop. There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension.

But the former are roused to thought by the subject itself, to which their thinking is thus immediately directed. This is the only class that produces writers of abiding fame.

She was taken with his sense of style. You have returned to form. This calls into question your credibility.

This firm is in close relationship with the firm of Kolen and Co. Dry of heat and dryeyed. Thus has it been ever since the Great Rebirth, and farther back than that no memory can reach.

He is held in high regard. I carry her secret in my heart. I have never breathed a word of it, and if they stretched me on the rack in the torture chamber with all its horrors, even then I should never betray anything.

Consider this example from the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Pay particular attention to the last sentence of this passage, which has been altered so as to be without the Hemingway aesthetic.

Something like that. What has become of him? After verb displacement: He is dead since April. Impressively, Hemingway does this with an unaffected manner.

At first it was far away and no one could tell what the noise was. Then it stopped and we hoped it had been nothing or perhaps only the wind.

Then it was stopped and we hoped it had been nothing or perhaps only the wind. Now take a moment to reflect upon that. But they are meant instead as abstractions things that exist only in the mind.

The sun was up less than an hour and the shadow of the ridge and the yucca plants and the rocks fell far out across the floodplain below him.

Somewhere out there was the shadow of Moss himself. Foreboding, right? Shadows are easy to imagine as abstractions because of their ethereal ways.

Color, shape, and smell. But watch how John Steinbeck describes the flowers in East of Eden: Then there were harebells, tiny lanterns, cream white and almost sinful looking, and these were so rare and magical that a child, finding one, felt singled out and special all day long.

Brilliant, right? You say the sky is blue? Now relate that to something human, as I do here: The sky was the kind of blue if blue could burn, blue on fire, lit by the sun blazing high above the hills in winter on a morning when there are no clouds.

A sky like that makes it easier for a soldier to die. Ordinary description: His thick hair was combed straight down over a white scar half an inch wide that lay horizontally over his right ear.

That may not be a brilliant example of intuitive description, but the expression carries with it more impact than it would otherwise.

Note how Steinbeck likes to begin his paragraph with physical description, and conclude with intuitive description: Mary Talbot, Mrs.

Tom Talbot, that is, was lovely. She had red hair with green lights in it. Her skin was golden with a green under cast and her eyes were green with little golden spots.

Her face was triangular, with wide cheekbones, wide-set eyes, and her chin was pointed. When she was excited, and she was excited a good deal of the time, her face flushed with gold.

Her great-great-great-great-great grandmother had been burned as a witch. But sometimes when you omit these words from where they ordinarily belong, or include them where they do not, they become quite interesting.

Like a later generation that was to burn holes in their brain on Speed, he had given his own head the texture of fine Swiss cheese.

Like a later generation that was to burn holes in their brain on Speed, he had given his own head the texture of a fine Swiss cheese.

Still not convinced that article can be poetic? No matter how light the blows, a jackpot has been struck. And now for your final test. Take this expression for instance: He considered her to be out of his league.

But watch here as Edith Wharton uses objectification the regarding of people as objects to imply as much in this excerpt from The House of Mirth: Everything about her was at once vigorous and exquisite, at once strong and fine.

He had a confused sense that she must have cost a great deal to make, that a great many dull and ugly people must, in some mysterious way, have been sacrificed to produce her.

The first expression is direct and unambiguous. The second is nothing of the kind. But the second is vastly more interesting, yes?

When one person objectifies another, it implies the level of regard between them, and because all of human interaction is a function of regard, objectification informs just about everything that goes on between two people.

In this case, Lily Bart is regarded by Lawrence Selden as an object of excessive beauty and social standing. But Wharton never says that.

Instead, she leads readers to infer it from the way Mr. Selden is objectifying Miss Bart. Nobody spoon-feeds you through your daily existence, so why should it be any different in fiction?

They pull us into the story by requiring of us what real life requires of us: thought. The following is a clear and simple sentiment that prevails throughout the The House of Mirth: Lily Bart was everything to Lawrence Selden.

So how might you use objectification to imply as much? Selden revolves: As a spectator he had always enjoyed Lily Bart, and his course lay so far out of her orbit that it amused him to be drawn for a moment into the sudden intimacy which her proposal implied.

Got that? In the same way, if you play that fourth note of would-be release without the preceding three notes of tension, the effect is equally unsatisfying.

Here are two versions of the same excerpt from E. The first has been stripped of tension and is therefore without release: He handed her a newborn pig, a white one.

The morning sun shone through its ears, turning them pink. Now compare that to the passage as White actually wrote it.

Listen for the first few notes of tension and the subsequent notes of release: Fern came slowly down the stairs. Her eyes were red from crying.

As she approached her chair, the carton wobbled, and there was a scratching noise. Fern looked at her father. There, inside, looking up at her, was the newborn pig.

It was a white one. You may be tempted to regard rhetorical tension as a type of suspense, but there are important distinctions.

While suspense is tension that goes unresolved for long periods of time, rhetorical tension is resolved quickly, usually within the same paragraph or page.

Walking back to camp through the swamp, Sam wondered whether to tell his father what he had seen. If White had been forthcoming about those exotic creatures from the start, the passage would not have required any wonder on our part, nor would it have provided any satisfaction from the resolution of that wonder.

It sounds like music. Read this altered excerpt from J. He continues to teach because it provides him with a livelihood; also because it teaches him humility, brings it home to him who he is in the world.

He understands the irony; that the one who comes to teach learns the keenest of lessons, while those who come to learn learn nothing.

The irony does not escape him; that the one who comes to teach learns the keenest of lessons, while those who come to learn learn nothing.

By transferring the agency from a person he to an abstraction irony the prose becomes more interesting and engaged.

Rhetorical agency can also help to correct awkward wording. In this altered excerpt from Disgrace, see if you can detect a problem: In the kitchen of the flat in Green Point there are a kettle, plastic cups, a jar of instant coffee, a bowl with sachets of sugar.

In the refrigerator there is a supply of bottled water. In the bathroom there is soap and a pile of towels, in the cupboard clean bed linen.

This problem can be solved by simply extending agency to the refrigerator: In the kitchen of the flat in Green Point there are a kettle, plastic cups, a jar of instant coffee, a bowl with sachets of sugar.

The refrigerator holds a supply of bottled water. For instance, what do you make of this: Are we human, or are we dancer? I mean, really, why would anyone speak like that?

The point is, plurality is relative. You can change it to give your prose a special feel. Specifics tend to carry more interest than generalities.

For this reason, Steinbeck is quick to default to the singular tense when occasion permits. Here is another instance of that default to the singular in East of Eden.

Find the plural nouns and singularize them: Alternate version: The Salinas was only a part-time river.

The summer sun drove it underground. The heaviest rain falls then, and if the river is going to rise, it rises then.

February of was a year heavy with water. The heaviest rains fall then, and if the river is going to rise, it rises then. Try to define what that feel is and why you are feeling it.

In the beginning were the howlers. They always commenced their bellowing in the first hour of dawn, just as the hem of the sky began to whiten.

It would start with just one: his forced, rhythmic groaning, like a saw blade. That aroused others near him, nudging them to bawl along with his monstrous tune.

Soon the maroonthroated howls would echo back from other trees, farther down the beach, until the whole jungle filled with roaring trees.

As it was in the beginning, so it is every morning of the world. The effect is at once sacred and sacrilege, good and evil.

That feel you get from the words you read is a consequence of the objective correlative. Correlative refers to the correlation between specific words and the feelings they inspire when we read or hear them.

The correlation is objective because the feelings created by certain words are felt by everyone in the same way: objectively.

Certain words and combinations of words will do certain things, and do them to everybody in the same way. The first version of this next selection from The Lacuna has been altered so as to be without regard to the objective correlative.

Alternate version: Enrique was their keeper, observing their fear while eating breakfast. Instead she allows her readers to feel the meaning of those adjectives by way of the objective correlative.

From the nouns she uses to the verbs, to the pronouns, to the way Enrique watches them, moves, even the way he eats, everything about this passage is designed to evoke a certain feel.

Anything Kingsolver can do to achieve that feeling she does by virtue of the careful words at her command. This bit of human nature, this urge to affect a special language for every special circumstance, is a little unnecessary, and so it lends itself to satire.

Sometimes fuck-ups did occur. Printing errors, transposed numbers. Our business was advertising and details were important. Can you see how falling into lingo gives the prose a satirical bent?

People deploy such language in an attempt to present themselves as professional when, ironically, usually the opposite effect is achieved.

Can you name the animal to which the language alludes? No bridges span its first ten miles. And yet, across, on that southern shore, an ancient two-story wood-frame house rests on a structure of tangled steel, of wood and earth and sacks of sand.

And yet, across, on that southern shore, an ancient two-story wood-frame house rests on a structure of tangled steel, of wood and earth and sacks of sand, like a two-story bird with split-shake feathers, sitting fierce in its tangled nest.

The point is, good writers do more than simply conjure up clever comparisons for the things they describe; they couch those comparisons in language that relates to them or is suggestive of them.

Assume the subject about which we are writing is an asylum, and we are in search of a title. Step 1: Create a comparison. Animals and the places they live make outstanding comparisons.

We may create our own related language or we may borrow it. That may be a little nondescript, but fear not. Here, King uses two shape-shifts back to back, which creates an automatic rhythm to his prose.

The first shift is good, but the second shift is remarkable because it creates a set of words not ordinarily seen or heard. Read this excerpt from The Turn of the Screw as the narrator waits to hear what he presumes to be a true account of unspeakable horror.

Mind you, the passage has been altered so as to be without a creative preposition. We waited in fact till two nights later; but that same evening, before we scattered, he brought out what was on his mind.

This seemingly minor change in preposition does three things. He never took his eyes off me. Not every preposition is meant to be replaced by another.

After preposition replacement: She has been dead these twenty years. Before creative preposition: Then there was the bad weather. It would come in one day when the fall was over.

We would have to shut the windows at night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

After creative preposition: We would have to shut the windows in the night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

Shame on you. One: your audience cannot help but to associate that eloquent language with power.

And two: they will then associate that power with you. Think about it: The leader of the free world, arguably the most powerful person on this planet, is also among the most eloquent public speakers of the twenty-first century.

Feel free to look up the word in this very thesaurus. Altered: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally ratified the Declaration of Independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Original: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Everything depends on context and your ability to choose wisely.

Again, refer to The Well-Spoken Thesaurus if need be, but try to do this one yourself. If the talk began to wander, or become too familiar, I would quickly find a reason to excuse myself.

I had grown too comfortable in my privacy, the safest place I knew. I had grown too comfortable in my solitude, the safest place I knew.

Turn a word or phrase one way, and it conveys a certain meaning. Turn it upside down or on to its side, and it means something else entirely.

When you think like this, it becomes easier to play with words in a creative way. But if you were to pick it up and rotate it ever so slightly in your mind, it would appear physically altered, perhaps without any capitalization, and therefore less movielike and more phrase-like.

In this excerpt from a Salon. But before we go any further, consider that wordpair: the Oscars.

Pick it up and turn it about in your mind. You realize that in all your past readings, never once did you really notice that word until you had taken the time to learn its meaning.

In each occurrence, your brain fills in the empty spaces as best it knows how, based on the incomplete aspects of your incomplete vocabulary.

But older kids will more often give a different answer. Take a moment to group two of the animals yourself.

Stephen J. Ceci at Cornell University. They simply have not yet been introduced to that particular concept or word.

This experiment suggests that the introduction of a single word into your vocabulary can transform the way you perceive reality.

The implications are immediate. If words allow you to see that which you cannot otherwise see, then imagine what you are missing in your life today.

It raises the question: how blind are you really? De-familiarization is anything a writer does that is unusual or out of the ordinary.

Writers and speakers de-familiarize what they say because they want your attention, and they want to more effectively make their points.

Because that sort of language would be completely out of the ordinary for such a person, and hardly in keeping with decorum.

You would have paired the robin with the eagle. You would not have seen de-familiarization occurring before your very eyes, because it was not a part of your vocabulary.

Unless you happen to be that rare breed given to discovering new phenomena, you need the word to see the thing. Your efforts in reducing the frequency with which they occur are greatly appreciated.

Melodrama: Jacqueline Susann, Valley of the Dolls The temperature hit ninety degrees the day she arrived. New York was steaming, an angry concrete animal caught unawares in an unseasonable hot spell.

There was a clock on the wall. Just an hour hand, and a minute hand. It was electric. It was completely silent, like the room. I was watching the minute hand intently.

Pretension: Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power There is nothing that man fears more than the touch of the unknown. He wants to see what is reaching towards him, and to be able to recognize or at least classify it.

Man always tends to avoid physical contact with anything strange. Why would you want to rhetorically dismiss half the people on the planet every time you communicate some grand universal notion?

Speak to everyone. After September 11, , you thought our country had changed for the better. But the months that followed proved otherwise.

We began to divide ourselves and the partisan bickering that had been absent from blood donor lines and church services started all over again.

Propagandists crave division, and come well versed in language designed to sow it. Alex, my webmaster daughter, is the third author.

Bad enough we had to fit Evanovich on once, much less twice! This is insufferable. Sometimes even the greatest of writers need to be reminded to take in the slack.

Too much sugar will make your writing seem flowery and pretentious. Suppose you had written the above passage as part of a rough draft, and now the time had come to polish it up a bit with The Well-Spoken Thesaurus.

Take care to select the proper ratios and flavors. An embarrassment of sugar will leave your prose flowery and pretentious. Too much garlic, and your writing will taste academic and stiff.

And always be mindful of your audience. Try not to serve vichyssoise to a coal miner, and do not give Cheerios to the queen of England.

Neither will be amused. No conventional thesaurus can do that. No vocabulary builder. No style guide. Start with the boxes.

They contain some of the most impressive examples of eloquence this book has to offer. Then move to the common word entries, under which you will often find not one but several eloquent alternatives.

It must not be thought, however, that my choices are informed by anything other than personal taste. So feel free to take exception, and memorize the one alternative that most appeals to you.

In any case, the quickest and most effective way to do this is to write each of your favored alternatives on flash cards paired against their corresponding common word entries and review them daily.

Only then will these words begin to inform the way you speak. Also, as a general rule, limit the use of foreign and academic words to those occasions when your subject is foreign or, when your audience is peopled with academics.

I include both categories as words that are good to know but not necessarily to use at every occasion. Finally, should you ever happen upon any eloquent words or phrases that I have neglected, email them to me along with your name and address.

They met upon the third Wednesday of every month and read each other long, dull papers upon the history of English magic.

In love, in art, in avarice, in politics, in labor, in games, we study to utter our painful secret. The man is only half himself, the other half is his expression.

Nobody else could believe, until it was much too late, how heartless and greedy they were. The look of the town is all I remember.

And yet I can hear the sound of the door as we closed it behind us for good. There is talk of a merger. This is without question the best beer on the menu.

Its boards were bowed and creaking; it had been maltreated in its own time. Samuel Johnson was born, on Sept.

He died on Dec. His Falstaffian vitalism is always my first thought when I reread, teach again or continue brooding upon the canonical critic of Western literature.

It is violence punctuated by committee meetings. But all those things will be regarded as high qualities if he can make them the means to achieve great ends.

I am caught and tangled around by their doings. It is as if their lives left a weaving of invisible threads in the air of this house, of this town, of this county.

And I stumbled and fell into them. These become their immediate theme; and the result is that they are always under their influence, and so never, in any real sense of the word, are original.

I make no secret of my past. It comes in the wake of a full moon. This pottery is of similar date. A feverish, a brutal crowd.

On his feet near the door, closely pressed in a bank of human bodies and sharing the heavy atmosphere passing in and out of their mouths, he stared without seeing them at the black and rumbling vaults over which flickered the shining eyes of the train.

You cover nine hundred miles in two weeks: the whole of Anatolia in a cloud of dust. Without hurry, without rest, the human spirit goes forth from the beginning to embody every faculty, every thought, every emotion, which belongs to it, in appropriate events.

Henry Dashwood to his wishes, which proceeded not merely from interest, but from goodness of heart, gave him every degree of solid comfort which his age could receive; and the cheerfulness of the children added a relish to his existence.

The water is slow with cold, and on its surface it wrinkles as it moves, or even, sometimes, makes plates or flakes that are solid.

This is ice. His presentation was well-received. You will find thick water, not light and quick moving as it is with us. Free they are not.

Woodward, New York Times, Nov. But unlike that quaint or perhaps faux quaint town, New London is becoming as recognized for its independent art scene as for its handsome harbor.

For instance, Darwinism was accepted as a matter of course. Her dismissal came as a consequence of her own making.

On Thursday afternoons he drives to Greenpoint. Punctually at 2 p. It is a feature of his profession on which he does not remark to Soraya.

I think now that maybe I never would. And on that instant Brother Juniper made the resolve to inquire into the secret lives of those five persons, that moment falling through the air, and to surprise the reason of their taking off.

With both you are working with reality, a material just as hard as wood. She refused to lend support to either party.

A good lawyer knows when to speak, and when to keep her counsel. I get off my bicycle and refuse to go further in their company, or I pretend to be insulted and tell them in no uncertain terms to clear off.

One of them was a science fiction writer named Kilgore Trout. He was a nobody at the time, and he supposed his life was over.

He was mistaken. As a consequence of the meeting, he became one of the most beloved and respected human beings in history.

Sucksby a penny to take me begging at a play. People used to like to take me begging then, for the sake of my bright hair; and Flora being also very fair, she would pass me off as her sister.

It died for want of water and sun. If the talk began to wander, or cross the border into familiarity, I would soon find reason to excuse myself.

Any distress at the termination of my intrigue with Betty was amply compensated for by my joy at the happy ending of a troublesome affair which might have proved fatal for me.

It must be, if the nebular hypothesis has any truth, older than our world; and long before this earth ceased to be molten, life upon its surface must have begun its course.

It may be that the birth and death of the day had some part in the feeling about the two ranges of mountains.

There are those who expect a political system to produce that; and others who expect the love to produce the system.

My own faith is that the truth of the future lies between the two and we shall behave humanly and a bit humanely, stumbling along, haphazardly generous and gallant, foolishly and meanly wise until the rape of our planet is seen to be the preposterous folly that it is.

He believed in giving creatures a little time to think, so he stood in the sun a few minutes until the rattler calmed down and crawled out a hole.

For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness.

There is considerable debate over how best to prevent future oil spills. They looked at her coldly, as if they were finding fault with her.

And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself. You are finding fault when the fault is your own. This troubled her, and in her manner she was all the more gentle and anxious for her children, as if she loved them very much.

Maybe the less you have, the more you are required to boast. But it will be a pity if it completely overshadows how significant a story the killing of the British soldiers has become in their country.

What the incidents may have most in common is that they occasion a reckoning of the costs of war. With nothing in common but their destitution, they mustered to sleep together in the Porch of Our Lord, cursing, insulting and jostling each other, picking quarrels with old enemies, or throwing earth and rubbish, even rolling on the ground and spitting and biting with rage.

But the thought is always prior to the fact; all the facts of history preexist in the mind as laws.

John was not what one could term a scholar. Thomas Aquinas, as almost every page of his works proves He was philosophical.

He is trying my flesh, I thought. But by and by my breathing slowed and I grew calmer. The words escape me.

He was often hungry but he was not usually worried because he did not give any importance to what happened to himself and he knew from experience how simple it was to move behind the enemy lines in all this country.

This vintage falls under the rubric of table wine. Obesity stems from a disregard for healthy food. Next year, next week, tomorrow, I will no doubt be gone, and it will be a small size coffin they will need for me, and a narrow hole.

I make no pretensions to virtue. Our father was drowned in a sailing accident when we were young, and our mother has always stressed the fact that our familial relationships have a kind of permanence that we will never meet with again.

He likes to cast himself as the family patriarch. Coetzee, Disgrace Like all animals, humans come from a preexisting species.

Like all animals, humans are descended from a preexisting species. If the eyes were not such well behaving creatures, that spent their time trying their best to convey the world and all its gore to him, good portions of life might not be so dismal.

Certain aspects were exaggerated at the expense of others. Her love and support is unfailing.

The answer cannot lie in the beasts themselves. Pigs, after all, are quite companionable, and dogs are said to be delicious. He had been hired with the proviso that he bring his clients with him.

A serious writer may be a hawk or a buzzard or even a popinjay, but a solemn writer is always a bloody owl.

His rough outer shell belied a soft heart. An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility. The witness has been less than forthcoming.

My hands were blistered, my back was burned, my body ached. But of course I was not allowed to get up at that hour, so I had to control my curiosity until a quarter to seven.

Then I could bear it no longer and went to the dining room, where I received a warm welcome from Moortje the cat. They are my colleagues.

She is not without her detractors. Out in the Midwest I had certainly been waiting eagerly, I can tell you that. An avant-guard writer, the first of a new generation, he was handsome, fair, large, serious, witty, he was learned.

The guy had it all. Half of them fell upon the flat of her back, the balance dangled uneasily over her breast.

She did not see them or think of them. And I want to live a quiet life there. He disavowed any knowledge of the affair. The ship, heeling in the wind, is intent upon its business, and passengers and crew have lost sight of him, a pinpoint in the immensity of the sea.

I expected nothing less. Do not think that I am very much impressed by that as a boxing title, but it meant a lot to Cohn.

He cared nothing for boxing, in fact he disliked it, but he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the feeling of inferiority and shyness he had felt on being treated as a Jew at Princeton.

I take issue with her draconian ways. A short time ago he was on board, a member of the crew busy on deck with the rest, a living being with his share of air and sunlight.

What has become of him now? He slipped and fell, and this is the end. He is quick to belittle anyone with whom he disagrees.

I take no pleasure in it. But this matters not. It matters only that the light is precious and we should not waste it to write when we need it for that work which is our crime.

Nothing matters save the work, our secret, our evil, our precious work. She is not one to suffer fools gladly. Scott, New York Times, Nov.

In the dark, the fear of an unexpected touch can mount to panic. Even clothes give insufficient security; it is easy to tear them and pierce through to the naked, smooth, defenseless flesh of the victim.

You know nothing of this country. I took little notice of it. Thank God. It showed a lady fitted out with a fur hat and fur boa who sat upright, raising a heavy fur muff that covered the whole of her lower arm towards the viewer.

Her reading tastes could be described as fairly benighted. It is nothing for you to look the other way. It also taught me the highs and, sadly, the lows that the professional kitchen can provoke.

The point is, good writers do more than simply conjure up clever comparisons for the things they describe; they couch those comparisons in language that relates to them or is suggestive of them.

Assume the subject about which we are writing is an asylum, and we are in search of a title. Step 1: Create a comparison.

Animals and the places they live make outstanding comparisons. We may create our own related language or we may borrow it.

That may be a little nondescript, but fear not. Here, King uses two shape-shifts back to back, which creates an automatic rhythm to his prose.

The first shift is good, but the second shift is remarkable because it creates a set of words not ordinarily seen or heard.

Read this excerpt from The Turn of the Screw as the narrator waits to hear what he presumes to be a true account of unspeakable horror.

Mind you, the passage has been altered so as to be without a creative preposition. We waited in fact till two nights later; but that same evening, before we scattered, he brought out what was on his mind.

This seemingly minor change in preposition does three things. He never took his eyes off me.

Not every preposition is meant to be replaced by another. After preposition replacement: She has been dead these twenty years. Before creative preposition: Then there was the bad weather.

It would come in one day when the fall was over. We would have to shut the windows at night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

After creative preposition: We would have to shut the windows in the night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

Shame on you. One: your audience cannot help but to associate that eloquent language with power. And two: they will then associate that power with you.

Think about it: The leader of the free world, arguably the most powerful person on this planet, is also among the most eloquent public speakers of the twenty-first century.

Feel free to look up the word in this very thesaurus. Altered: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally ratified the Declaration of Independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Original: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Everything depends on context and your ability to choose wisely.

Again, refer to The Well-Spoken Thesaurus if need be, but try to do this one yourself. If the talk began to wander, or become too familiar, I would quickly find a reason to excuse myself.

I had grown too comfortable in my privacy, the safest place I knew. I had grown too comfortable in my solitude, the safest place I knew.

Turn a word or phrase one way, and it conveys a certain meaning. Turn it upside down or on to its side, and it means something else entirely.

When you think like this, it becomes easier to play with words in a creative way. But if you were to pick it up and rotate it ever so slightly in your mind, it would appear physically altered, perhaps without any capitalization, and therefore less movielike and more phrase-like.

In this excerpt from a Salon. But before we go any further, consider that wordpair: the Oscars. Pick it up and turn it about in your mind.

You realize that in all your past readings, never once did you really notice that word until you had taken the time to learn its meaning.

In each occurrence, your brain fills in the empty spaces as best it knows how, based on the incomplete aspects of your incomplete vocabulary.

But older kids will more often give a different answer. Take a moment to group two of the animals yourself. Stephen J.

Ceci at Cornell University. They simply have not yet been introduced to that particular concept or word. This experiment suggests that the introduction of a single word into your vocabulary can transform the way you perceive reality.

The implications are immediate. If words allow you to see that which you cannot otherwise see, then imagine what you are missing in your life today.

It raises the question: how blind are you really? De-familiarization is anything a writer does that is unusual or out of the ordinary.

Writers and speakers de-familiarize what they say because they want your attention, and they want to more effectively make their points. Because that sort of language would be completely out of the ordinary for such a person, and hardly in keeping with decorum.

You would have paired the robin with the eagle. You would not have seen de-familiarization occurring before your very eyes, because it was not a part of your vocabulary.

Unless you happen to be that rare breed given to discovering new phenomena, you need the word to see the thing. Your efforts in reducing the frequency with which they occur are greatly appreciated.

Melodrama: Jacqueline Susann, Valley of the Dolls The temperature hit ninety degrees the day she arrived.

New York was steaming, an angry concrete animal caught unawares in an unseasonable hot spell. There was a clock on the wall. Just an hour hand, and a minute hand.

It was electric. It was completely silent, like the room. I was watching the minute hand intently. Pretension: Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power There is nothing that man fears more than the touch of the unknown.

He wants to see what is reaching towards him, and to be able to recognize or at least classify it. Man always tends to avoid physical contact with anything strange.

Why would you want to rhetorically dismiss half the people on the planet every time you communicate some grand universal notion?

Speak to everyone. After September 11, , you thought our country had changed for the better. But the months that followed proved otherwise.

We began to divide ourselves and the partisan bickering that had been absent from blood donor lines and church services started all over again.

Propagandists crave division, and come well versed in language designed to sow it. Alex, my webmaster daughter, is the third author. Bad enough we had to fit Evanovich on once, much less twice!

This is insufferable. Sometimes even the greatest of writers need to be reminded to take in the slack. Too much sugar will make your writing seem flowery and pretentious.

Suppose you had written the above passage as part of a rough draft, and now the time had come to polish it up a bit with The Well-Spoken Thesaurus.

Take care to select the proper ratios and flavors. An embarrassment of sugar will leave your prose flowery and pretentious.

Too much garlic, and your writing will taste academic and stiff. And always be mindful of your audience. Try not to serve vichyssoise to a coal miner, and do not give Cheerios to the queen of England.

Neither will be amused. No conventional thesaurus can do that. No vocabulary builder. No style guide. Start with the boxes.

They contain some of the most impressive examples of eloquence this book has to offer. Then move to the common word entries, under which you will often find not one but several eloquent alternatives.

It must not be thought, however, that my choices are informed by anything other than personal taste. So feel free to take exception, and memorize the one alternative that most appeals to you.

In any case, the quickest and most effective way to do this is to write each of your favored alternatives on flash cards paired against their corresponding common word entries and review them daily.

Only then will these words begin to inform the way you speak. Also, as a general rule, limit the use of foreign and academic words to those occasions when your subject is foreign or, when your audience is peopled with academics.

I include both categories as words that are good to know but not necessarily to use at every occasion.

Finally, should you ever happen upon any eloquent words or phrases that I have neglected, email them to me along with your name and address.

They met upon the third Wednesday of every month and read each other long, dull papers upon the history of English magic.

In love, in art, in avarice, in politics, in labor, in games, we study to utter our painful secret. The man is only half himself, the other half is his expression.

Nobody else could believe, until it was much too late, how heartless and greedy they were. The look of the town is all I remember. And yet I can hear the sound of the door as we closed it behind us for good.

There is talk of a merger. This is without question the best beer on the menu. Its boards were bowed and creaking; it had been maltreated in its own time.

Samuel Johnson was born, on Sept. He died on Dec. His Falstaffian vitalism is always my first thought when I reread, teach again or continue brooding upon the canonical critic of Western literature.

It is violence punctuated by committee meetings. But all those things will be regarded as high qualities if he can make them the means to achieve great ends.

I am caught and tangled around by their doings. It is as if their lives left a weaving of invisible threads in the air of this house, of this town, of this county.

And I stumbled and fell into them. These become their immediate theme; and the result is that they are always under their influence, and so never, in any real sense of the word, are original.

I make no secret of my past. It comes in the wake of a full moon. This pottery is of similar date. A feverish, a brutal crowd.

On his feet near the door, closely pressed in a bank of human bodies and sharing the heavy atmosphere passing in and out of their mouths, he stared without seeing them at the black and rumbling vaults over which flickered the shining eyes of the train.

You cover nine hundred miles in two weeks: the whole of Anatolia in a cloud of dust. Without hurry, without rest, the human spirit goes forth from the beginning to embody every faculty, every thought, every emotion, which belongs to it, in appropriate events.

Henry Dashwood to his wishes, which proceeded not merely from interest, but from goodness of heart, gave him every degree of solid comfort which his age could receive; and the cheerfulness of the children added a relish to his existence.

The water is slow with cold, and on its surface it wrinkles as it moves, or even, sometimes, makes plates or flakes that are solid.

This is ice. His presentation was well-received. You will find thick water, not light and quick moving as it is with us.

Free they are not. Woodward, New York Times, Nov. But unlike that quaint or perhaps faux quaint town, New London is becoming as recognized for its independent art scene as for its handsome harbor.

For instance, Darwinism was accepted as a matter of course. Her dismissal came as a consequence of her own making. On Thursday afternoons he drives to Greenpoint.

Punctually at 2 p. It is a feature of his profession on which he does not remark to Soraya. I think now that maybe I never would. And on that instant Brother Juniper made the resolve to inquire into the secret lives of those five persons, that moment falling through the air, and to surprise the reason of their taking off.

With both you are working with reality, a material just as hard as wood. She refused to lend support to either party. A good lawyer knows when to speak, and when to keep her counsel.

I get off my bicycle and refuse to go further in their company, or I pretend to be insulted and tell them in no uncertain terms to clear off.

One of them was a science fiction writer named Kilgore Trout. He was a nobody at the time, and he supposed his life was over.

He was mistaken. As a consequence of the meeting, he became one of the most beloved and respected human beings in history.

Sucksby a penny to take me begging at a play. People used to like to take me begging then, for the sake of my bright hair; and Flora being also very fair, she would pass me off as her sister.

It died for want of water and sun. If the talk began to wander, or cross the border into familiarity, I would soon find reason to excuse myself.

Any distress at the termination of my intrigue with Betty was amply compensated for by my joy at the happy ending of a troublesome affair which might have proved fatal for me.

It must be, if the nebular hypothesis has any truth, older than our world; and long before this earth ceased to be molten, life upon its surface must have begun its course.

It may be that the birth and death of the day had some part in the feeling about the two ranges of mountains. There are those who expect a political system to produce that; and others who expect the love to produce the system.

My own faith is that the truth of the future lies between the two and we shall behave humanly and a bit humanely, stumbling along, haphazardly generous and gallant, foolishly and meanly wise until the rape of our planet is seen to be the preposterous folly that it is.

He believed in giving creatures a little time to think, so he stood in the sun a few minutes until the rattler calmed down and crawled out a hole.

For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness. There is considerable debate over how best to prevent future oil spills.

They looked at her coldly, as if they were finding fault with her. And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself. You are finding fault when the fault is your own.

This troubled her, and in her manner she was all the more gentle and anxious for her children, as if she loved them very much.

Maybe the less you have, the more you are required to boast. But it will be a pity if it completely overshadows how significant a story the killing of the British soldiers has become in their country.

What the incidents may have most in common is that they occasion a reckoning of the costs of war. With nothing in common but their destitution, they mustered to sleep together in the Porch of Our Lord, cursing, insulting and jostling each other, picking quarrels with old enemies, or throwing earth and rubbish, even rolling on the ground and spitting and biting with rage.

But the thought is always prior to the fact; all the facts of history preexist in the mind as laws. John was not what one could term a scholar.

Thomas Aquinas, as almost every page of his works proves He was philosophical. He is trying my flesh, I thought. But by and by my breathing slowed and I grew calmer.

The words escape me. He was often hungry but he was not usually worried because he did not give any importance to what happened to himself and he knew from experience how simple it was to move behind the enemy lines in all this country.

This vintage falls under the rubric of table wine. Obesity stems from a disregard for healthy food.

Next year, next week, tomorrow, I will no doubt be gone, and it will be a small size coffin they will need for me, and a narrow hole.

I make no pretensions to virtue. Our father was drowned in a sailing accident when we were young, and our mother has always stressed the fact that our familial relationships have a kind of permanence that we will never meet with again.

He likes to cast himself as the family patriarch. Coetzee, Disgrace Like all animals, humans come from a preexisting species.

Like all animals, humans are descended from a preexisting species. If the eyes were not such well behaving creatures, that spent their time trying their best to convey the world and all its gore to him, good portions of life might not be so dismal.

Certain aspects were exaggerated at the expense of others. Her love and support is unfailing.

The answer cannot lie in the beasts themselves. Pigs, after all, are quite companionable, and dogs are said to be delicious.

He had been hired with the proviso that he bring his clients with him. A serious writer may be a hawk or a buzzard or even a popinjay, but a solemn writer is always a bloody owl.

His rough outer shell belied a soft heart. An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility. The witness has been less than forthcoming.

My hands were blistered, my back was burned, my body ached. But of course I was not allowed to get up at that hour, so I had to control my curiosity until a quarter to seven.

Then I could bear it no longer and went to the dining room, where I received a warm welcome from Moortje the cat.

They are my colleagues. She is not without her detractors. Out in the Midwest I had certainly been waiting eagerly, I can tell you that.

An avant-guard writer, the first of a new generation, he was handsome, fair, large, serious, witty, he was learned.

The guy had it all. Half of them fell upon the flat of her back, the balance dangled uneasily over her breast. She did not see them or think of them.

And I want to live a quiet life there. He disavowed any knowledge of the affair. The ship, heeling in the wind, is intent upon its business, and passengers and crew have lost sight of him, a pinpoint in the immensity of the sea.

I expected nothing less. Do not think that I am very much impressed by that as a boxing title, but it meant a lot to Cohn. He cared nothing for boxing, in fact he disliked it, but he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the feeling of inferiority and shyness he had felt on being treated as a Jew at Princeton.

I take issue with her draconian ways. A short time ago he was on board, a member of the crew busy on deck with the rest, a living being with his share of air and sunlight.

What has become of him now? He slipped and fell, and this is the end. He is quick to belittle anyone with whom he disagrees. I take no pleasure in it.

But this matters not. It matters only that the light is precious and we should not waste it to write when we need it for that work which is our crime.

Nothing matters save the work, our secret, our evil, our precious work. She is not one to suffer fools gladly. Scott, New York Times, Nov.

In the dark, the fear of an unexpected touch can mount to panic. Even clothes give insufficient security; it is easy to tear them and pierce through to the naked, smooth, defenseless flesh of the victim.

You know nothing of this country. I took little notice of it. Thank God. It showed a lady fitted out with a fur hat and fur boa who sat upright, raising a heavy fur muff that covered the whole of her lower arm towards the viewer.

Her reading tastes could be described as fairly benighted. It is nothing for you to look the other way.

It also taught me the highs and, sadly, the lows that the professional kitchen can provoke. Her manner was to take the reader by surprise.

In the middle of a flattened rambling paragraph, deceived by warm stretches of reflection, you came upon hard cartilage.

I judged he was sixty years of age. More land than landscape. It is a fearful word, alone. Do not embellish the story.

It was a shred of matter harboring a light, with large eyes that were always cast down; a pretext for a soul to linger on earth.

I am something of an authority on imported beers. He has shown himself to be unworthy of our trust and support. Hacket turned the corner and saw, in the failing light, at some little distance, his seat.

It seemed to be occupied. The few clothing items that are made of cotton make a sincere point of being cotton and tell you earnestly about their percent cottonness with faux-hand-scribbled labels so obviously on the green bandwagon they practically spit pine cones.

I asked him why on earth was he beginning to talk of that already. These are more extravagant.

Every morning she came in like that, and every morning prayed that the daily interview might pass off well. I think he harbors feelings of resentment.

It was addressed in a feminine hand. Where I ever got such an idea I cannot say, unless it could be that the morning came over the peaks of the Gabilans and the night drifted back from the ridges of the Santa Lucias.

All that remains is to tell the traveler how to find his way about it. I am in favor of free speech. He had been in the fields for all of fourteen hours.

It is a true one, and that makes it hard to tell. Pearl S. The library has a Usonian feel to it.

During his nineteen years imprisonment he had not shed a tear. It was, all things considered, the wrong choice to make. She tried to circumvent the regulations.

As souvenirs. For fifty dollars! Here he enjoyed his spirit and his solitude and for ten years did not tire of it. She will be held to account for her actions.

You should tender a formal apology. He acquitted himself brilliantly. It was very quiet in the grove and there was the sound of the raindrops continuing to fall from the trees although the rain had ended.

When Sorrel touched him on the arm he was glad of it; he was thinking of his dead children. You will forgo any more luxuries.

My views are consistent with those of the administration. He forgot to say, with every death it ends. Or did not think he needed to.

Because for a goodly part of his life he worked in a graveyard. A voyage is like a shipwreck, and those whose boat has never sunk will never know anything about the sea.

The rest is skating or tourism. I shall listen to the authority of the dream that mounts within me.

He holds his purchase on a wide swath of the executive branch. Soraya is not her real name, that he is sure of. There are signs she has borne a child, or children.

Every man is an inlet to the same and to all of the same. He that is once admitted to the right of reason is made a freeman of the whole estate.

What Plato has thought, he may think; what a saint has felt, he may feel; what at any time has befallen any man, he can understand.

Who hath access to this universal mind is a party to all that is or can be done, for this is the only and sovereign agent.

What became of the child? Austerity and privations have given way to a classy, comfortable small hotel. They will take issue with that.

I bear him no ill-will. And I strive earnestly not to envy, not to grow little snips and slips and buds and seeds of jealousy.

He had literally to fight his way free of it. Hold up your tail, Satin! The concierge was more than accommodating.

In retrospect, we should have exercised more caution. Nevertheless he does not cease to hold to them. The enchiladas were O.

He handed back the paper to Robert Jordan and looked him over. How much have you brought me. I am all alone. After a while it cools down of course, especially as I take little notice of ardent looks and pedal blithely on.

The two little boys become presences between them, playing quiet as shadows in a corner of the room where their mother and the strange man couple.

Her ideas were well-received, if a bit derivative. But this glance between himself and Soraya he regrets at once.

At New York he gave her an enameled bracelet, at Eid a little malachite heron that caught his eye in a curio shop. He enjoys her pleasure, which is quite unaffected.

Coetzee, Disgrace in a bigger or stronger way -writ large Conceptually speaking, an observatory is nothing more than a very big telescope.

Conceptually speaking, an observatory is nothing more than a telescope writ large. I was not privy to the conversation.

The buildings were nondescript. Garnaut aimed for at her restaurants, where diplomats, power brokers, and literati mingled over Champagne and caviar.

He is, if nothing else, entertaining. It beats old age, disease, or falling down the cellar stairs.

It recalls my childhood. I love you straightforwardly, without complexities or pride; so I love you because I know no other way.

By her likewise I was bred to a plain, inexpensive way of living, very different from the common luxury of the rich.

My present station, power, the amount of worldly happiness at my command, and the rest of it, seem to be devoid of significance.

But with a cast led by the formidable French actress Isabelle Humpert in a magnificently mannered performance, it is the very opposite of an aphrodisiac.

You continue to play host to his offensive behavior. Your ambition knows no bounds. Here is another: let us try to distinguish it as if it were literally a little world, and spinning closely now into our vision.

The Shroud of Turin bears a striking resemblance to a photographic negative. He gave no reply, but regarded me as he would a seal or a porpoise thrown up by the waves, that would shortly expire and then be cut up for food.

I may have taken for fact what was no more than probability, but I have never put down as true what I knew to be false. You delight in my torment.

His mother was hanging up pots and pans after the noon dinner. You will expose yourself to ridicule. His academic specialty had been comparative literature.

But his real career at Princeton had consisted of playing the piano and inventing bright little songs for parties and shows.

He often had to keep her in her place. Your employment at this company precludes you from taking part in the sweepstakes.

It may prove to be your undoing. We differ only on the margins. He is driven by greed. He began to rub his brown hair, cropped in order to conceal the unmilitary curl natural to it.

The funds were not forthcoming. The bill has languished in the senate for months. The world was so recent that many things lacked names, and in order to indicate them it was necessary to point.

The laws say that none among men may be alone, ever and at any time, for this is the great transgression and the root of all evil. She said it with tongue firmly in cheek.

That remains to be seen. Try to keep the colorful language to a minimum. It sealed their contract. Is there any harm in continuing?

The car was parked toward the rear of the shop, an elderly grey-blue Dodge. The new policy was implemented at her behest. Have you prayed for him?

But this is a delusion to which the bad reader succumbs. The good reader is aware that the quest for real life, real people, and so forth is a meaningless process when speaking of books.

There is but one. I have only three. The rich, the famous and the nothing in particular all hurry back because they are getting old.

Though I chafed it, the heel quickly swelled till I could not so much as hobble for the pain. These are pretty standard fare.

There is no bad luck in the world but white folks. Sourcebooks, Inc. Published by Sourcebooks, Inc. Box , Naperville, Illinois Fax: www.

Words are like little gods. The words you use determine the density of gray matter in your brain. They affect your political leanings, influence how you see reality, determine your level of confidence and thus, define what it means to be you.

As important as your words are in shaping your behavior, they are even more important in the way they shape the behavior of others.

Your manner of speaking is, if nothing else, the central factor upon which people form assumptions about you. And if greatness is your goal, well-spoken words are essential.

Think about it. The well-spoken few are viewed by others in a different way. They are thought of as more knowledgeable, more informed, and therefore expected to do more things.

This law of great expectations is a powerful motivator. Our improvement then becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy: as others expect us to be better, we become so, and as we become so, they expect it further still.

They are able to adopt a scholarly air of authority, but without all those pretentious scholarly words.

Take Barack Obama for instance, a man for whom the well-spoken word is a major source of power. For most of us, the process is a never-ending exercise in trial and error.

And when we do dare to use these words, we risk casting ourselves as pretentious, awkwardly formal, academic, or nerdy.

Have you ever used a lofty word and felt embarrassed at having done so? We deploy such language in an attempt to present ourselves as professional when, ironically, usually the opposite effect is achieved.

The same can be said for those who attempt to impress with big professorial words. The trick here is to achieve the authoritative and persuasive effects of formality and intellectualism without sounding too, well, formal or intellectual.

What you are aiming for is an effect: you want to be regarded as the smartest authority in the room but without the least trace of awkwardness or pretension.

And to that end, I present to you this book. A Few Words about Me I began writing what would become this book when I decided, in the spring of , to go back to school and complete my education.

It was there in Cambridge that I would come to realize just how inarticulate I really was. It began simply enough; whenever I would happen upon an eloquent word or phrase, I would write it down and pair it with what I would have said otherwise.

All those common word entries you see in this thesaurus? I did this for years, collecting words like butterflies, until it became increasingly apparent that my collection could be of use to others.

So you could say that my authority on this subject stems not only from a determination to do something about my own predicament, but to do something about yours.

My only hope is that this remarkable collection of words does as much for you in that regard as it has for me. Eliot, and Barack Obama.

It is by their example that we come to know how words are powerful not in and of themselves, but in and of each other, in the way they combine to form that which they could never be otherwise.

Take for example the word, leave. In most contexts, such as, when she leaves tonight, this particular word is nothing if not ordinary and hardly the sort one would expect to find in a vocabulary builder or style guide.

But take a moment to imagine how such a word might be used to improve the following sentence: It makes me want more.

Did you come up with, It leaves me wanting more? The difference is rather striking; is it not? This kind of linguistic chemistry happens not by flash of insight, but by rhetorical formula, and as you progress through this chapter, these formulas will become your own.

Filmmakers are keenly aware of our fascination with poetry. Why do you think so many leading men drive poetic cars like Karmann Ghias, and live in poetic places like marinas or in converted abandoned warehouses?

Poetry is the smell of a freshly pressed white cotton shirt. Poetry is the color of lightning. Certain everyday words are poetic too.

See if you can spot one here in this line from T. After: There is talk of a takeover, but the would-be CEO knows nothing of the publishing business.

Here are ten other poetic replacements and omissions: 1. McCauley, Machiavelli 4. If they knew where you were coming from literally, they would know where you had been an hour earlier, and that would be a little creepy.

This is the sort of thing that gives AI programers serious indigestion. Computers have a tough time drawing distinctions between the figurative and the literal.

Which it would be, which it is. Instead they think, Wow, what a writer! The trick here is to come up with a figure of speech that relates to your subject, then try to provoke your creative instincts into going literal.

Are you yawning yet? Can you think of one? Step 2: Interpret your figure of speech in a literal way. Can you? Now see if you can convert the figurative to the literal by filling in this blank with a single word.

What makes Hemingway remarkable is his ability to make simplicity sophisticated, to give ordinary language a timeless and poetic feel.

Consider this example from the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Pay particular attention to the last sentence of this passage, which has been altered so as to be without the Hemingway aesthetic.

Something like that. What has become of him? After verb displacement: He is dead since April. Impressively, Hemingway does this with an unaffected manner.

At first it was far away and no one could tell what the noise was. Then it stopped and we hoped it had been nothing or perhaps only the wind.

Then it was stopped and we hoped it had been nothing or perhaps only the wind. Now take a moment to reflect upon that.

But they are meant instead as abstractions things that exist only in the mind. The sun was up less than an hour and the shadow of the ridge and the yucca plants and the rocks fell far out across the floodplain below him.

Somewhere out there was the shadow of Moss himself. Foreboding, right? Shadows are easy to imagine as abstractions because of their ethereal ways.

Color, shape, and smell. But watch how John Steinbeck describes the flowers in East of Eden: Then there were harebells, tiny lanterns, cream white and almost sinful looking, and these were so rare and magical that a child, finding one, felt singled out and special all day long.

Brilliant, right? You say the sky is blue? Now relate that to something human, as I do here: The sky was the kind of blue if blue could burn, blue on fire, lit by the sun blazing high above the hills in winter on a morning when there are no clouds.

A sky like that makes it easier for a soldier to die. Ordinary description: His thick hair was combed straight down over a white scar half an inch wide that lay horizontally over his right ear.

That may not be a brilliant example of intuitive description, but the expression carries with it more impact than it would otherwise.

Note how Steinbeck likes to begin his paragraph with physical description, and conclude with intuitive description: Mary Talbot, Mrs.

Tom Talbot, that is, was lovely. She had red hair with green lights in it. Her skin was golden with a green under cast and her eyes were green with little golden spots.

Her face was triangular, with wide cheekbones, wide-set eyes, and her chin was pointed. When she was excited, and she was excited a good deal of the time, her face flushed with gold.

Her great-great-great-great-great grandmother had been burned as a witch. But sometimes when you omit these words from where they ordinarily belong, or include them where they do not, they become quite interesting.

Like a later generation that was to burn holes in their brain on Speed, he had given his own head the texture of fine Swiss cheese. Like a later generation that was to burn holes in their brain on Speed, he had given his own head the texture of a fine Swiss cheese.

Still not convinced that article can be poetic? No matter how light the blows, a jackpot has been struck.

And now for your final test. Take this expression for instance: He considered her to be out of his league. But watch here as Edith Wharton uses objectification the regarding of people as objects to imply as much in this excerpt from The House of Mirth: Everything about her was at once vigorous and exquisite, at once strong and fine.

He had a confused sense that she must have cost a great deal to make, that a great many dull and ugly people must, in some mysterious way, have been sacrificed to produce her.

The first expression is direct and unambiguous. The second is nothing of the kind. But the second is vastly more interesting, yes?

When one person objectifies another, it implies the level of regard between them, and because all of human interaction is a function of regard, objectification informs just about everything that goes on between two people.

In this case, Lily Bart is regarded by Lawrence Selden as an object of excessive beauty and social standing.

But Wharton never says that. Instead, she leads readers to infer it from the way Mr. Selden is objectifying Miss Bart. Nobody spoon-feeds you through your daily existence, so why should it be any different in fiction?

They pull us into the story by requiring of us what real life requires of us: thought. The following is a clear and simple sentiment that prevails throughout the The House of Mirth: Lily Bart was everything to Lawrence Selden.

So how might you use objectification to imply as much? Selden revolves: As a spectator he had always enjoyed Lily Bart, and his course lay so far out of her orbit that it amused him to be drawn for a moment into the sudden intimacy which her proposal implied.

Got that? In the same way, if you play that fourth note of would-be release without the preceding three notes of tension, the effect is equally unsatisfying.

Here are two versions of the same excerpt from E. The first has been stripped of tension and is therefore without release: He handed her a newborn pig, a white one.

The morning sun shone through its ears, turning them pink. Now compare that to the passage as White actually wrote it.

Listen for the first few notes of tension and the subsequent notes of release: Fern came slowly down the stairs. Her eyes were red from crying.

As she approached her chair, the carton wobbled, and there was a scratching noise. Fern looked at her father.

There, inside, looking up at her, was the newborn pig. It was a white one. You may be tempted to regard rhetorical tension as a type of suspense, but there are important distinctions.

While suspense is tension that goes unresolved for long periods of time, rhetorical tension is resolved quickly, usually within the same paragraph or page.

Walking back to camp through the swamp, Sam wondered whether to tell his father what he had seen. If White had been forthcoming about those exotic creatures from the start, the passage would not have required any wonder on our part, nor would it have provided any satisfaction from the resolution of that wonder.

It sounds like music. Read this altered excerpt from J. He continues to teach because it provides him with a livelihood; also because it teaches him humility, brings it home to him who he is in the world.

He understands the irony; that the one who comes to teach learns the keenest of lessons, while those who come to learn learn nothing.

The irony does not escape him; that the one who comes to teach learns the keenest of lessons, while those who come to learn learn nothing.

By transferring the agency from a person he to an abstraction irony the prose becomes more interesting and engaged.

Rhetorical agency can also help to correct awkward wording. In this altered excerpt from Disgrace, see if you can detect a problem: In the kitchen of the flat in Green Point there are a kettle, plastic cups, a jar of instant coffee, a bowl with sachets of sugar.

In the refrigerator there is a supply of bottled water. In the bathroom there is soap and a pile of towels, in the cupboard clean bed linen.

This problem can be solved by simply extending agency to the refrigerator: In the kitchen of the flat in Green Point there are a kettle, plastic cups, a jar of instant coffee, a bowl with sachets of sugar.

The refrigerator holds a supply of bottled water. For instance, what do you make of this: Are we human, or are we dancer? I mean, really, why would anyone speak like that?

The point is, plurality is relative. You can change it to give your prose a special feel. Specifics tend to carry more interest than generalities.

For this reason, Steinbeck is quick to default to the singular tense when occasion permits. Here is another instance of that default to the singular in East of Eden.

Find the plural nouns and singularize them: Alternate version: The Salinas was only a part-time river. The summer sun drove it underground.

The heaviest rain falls then, and if the river is going to rise, it rises then. February of was a year heavy with water. The heaviest rains fall then, and if the river is going to rise, it rises then.

Try to define what that feel is and why you are feeling it. In the beginning were the howlers. They always commenced their bellowing in the first hour of dawn, just as the hem of the sky began to whiten.

It would start with just one: his forced, rhythmic groaning, like a saw blade. That aroused others near him, nudging them to bawl along with his monstrous tune.

Soon the maroonthroated howls would echo back from other trees, farther down the beach, until the whole jungle filled with roaring trees.

As it was in the beginning, so it is every morning of the world. The effect is at once sacred and sacrilege, good and evil.

That feel you get from the words you read is a consequence of the objective correlative. Correlative refers to the correlation between specific words and the feelings they inspire when we read or hear them.

The correlation is objective because the feelings created by certain words are felt by everyone in the same way: objectively.

Certain words and combinations of words will do certain things, and do them to everybody in the same way. The first version of this next selection from The Lacuna has been altered so as to be without regard to the objective correlative.

Alternate version: Enrique was their keeper, observing their fear while eating breakfast. Instead she allows her readers to feel the meaning of those adjectives by way of the objective correlative.

From the nouns she uses to the verbs, to the pronouns, to the way Enrique watches them, moves, even the way he eats, everything about this passage is designed to evoke a certain feel.

Anything Kingsolver can do to achieve that feeling she does by virtue of the careful words at her command.

This bit of human nature, this urge to affect a special language for every special circumstance, is a little unnecessary, and so it lends itself to satire.

Sometimes fuck-ups did occur. Printing errors, transposed numbers. Our business was advertising and details were important. Can you see how falling into lingo gives the prose a satirical bent?

People deploy such language in an attempt to present themselves as professional when, ironically, usually the opposite effect is achieved.

Can you name the animal to which the language alludes? No bridges span its first ten miles. And yet, across, on that southern shore, an ancient two-story wood-frame house rests on a structure of tangled steel, of wood and earth and sacks of sand.

And yet, across, on that southern shore, an ancient two-story wood-frame house rests on a structure of tangled steel, of wood and earth and sacks of sand, like a two-story bird with split-shake feathers, sitting fierce in its tangled nest.

The point is, good writers do more than simply conjure up clever comparisons for the things they describe; they couch those comparisons in language that relates to them or is suggestive of them.

Assume the subject about which we are writing is an asylum, and we are in search of a title. Step 1: Create a comparison.

Animals and the places they live make outstanding comparisons. We may create our own related language or we may borrow it.

That may be a little nondescript, but fear not. Here, King uses two shape-shifts back to back, which creates an automatic rhythm to his prose.

The first shift is good, but the second shift is remarkable because it creates a set of words not ordinarily seen or heard.

Read this excerpt from The Turn of the Screw as the narrator waits to hear what he presumes to be a true account of unspeakable horror.

Mind you, the passage has been altered so as to be without a creative preposition. We waited in fact till two nights later; but that same evening, before we scattered, he brought out what was on his mind.

This seemingly minor change in preposition does three things. He never took his eyes off me. Not every preposition is meant to be replaced by another.

After preposition replacement: She has been dead these twenty years. Before creative preposition: Then there was the bad weather.

It would come in one day when the fall was over. We would have to shut the windows at night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

After creative preposition: We would have to shut the windows in the night against the rain and the cold wind would strip the leaves from the trees in the Place Contrescarpe.

Shame on you. One: your audience cannot help but to associate that eloquent language with power. And two: they will then associate that power with you.

Think about it: The leader of the free world, arguably the most powerful person on this planet, is also among the most eloquent public speakers of the twenty-first century.

Feel free to look up the word in this very thesaurus. Altered: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally ratified the Declaration of Independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Original: Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of Everything depends on context and your ability to choose wisely.

Again, refer to The Well-Spoken Thesaurus if need be, but try to do this one yourself. If the talk began to wander, or become too familiar, I would quickly find a reason to excuse myself.

I had grown too comfortable in my privacy, the safest place I knew. I had grown too comfortable in my solitude, the safest place I knew.

Turn a word or phrase one way, and it conveys a certain meaning. Turn it upside down or on to its side, and it means something else entirely.

When you think like this, it becomes easier to play with words in a creative way. But if you were to pick it up and rotate it ever so slightly in your mind, it would appear physically altered, perhaps without any capitalization, and therefore less movielike and more phrase-like.

In this excerpt from a Salon. But before we go any further, consider that wordpair: the Oscars. Pick it up and turn it about in your mind.

You realize that in all your past readings, never once did you really notice that word until you had taken the time to learn its meaning.

In each occurrence, your brain fills in the empty spaces as best it knows how, based on the incomplete aspects of your incomplete vocabulary.

But older kids will more often give a different answer. Take a moment to group two of the animals yourself. Stephen J.

Ceci at Cornell University. They simply have not yet been introduced to that particular concept or word. This experiment suggests that the introduction of a single word into your vocabulary can transform the way you perceive reality.

The implications are immediate. If words allow you to see that which you cannot otherwise see, then imagine what you are missing in your life today.

It raises the question: how blind are you really? De-familiarization is anything a writer does that is unusual or out of the ordinary.

Writers and speakers de-familiarize what they say because they want your attention, and they want to more effectively make their points.

Because that sort of language would be completely out of the ordinary for such a person, and hardly in keeping with decorum.

You would have paired the robin with the eagle. You would not have seen de-familiarization occurring before your very eyes, because it was not a part of your vocabulary.

Unless you happen to be that rare breed given to discovering new phenomena, you need the word to see the thing. Your efforts in reducing the frequency with which they occur are greatly appreciated.

Melodrama: Jacqueline Susann, Valley of the Dolls The temperature hit ninety degrees the day she arrived. New York was steaming, an angry concrete animal caught unawares in an unseasonable hot spell.

There was a clock on the wall. Just an hour hand, and a minute hand. It was electric. It was completely silent, like the room. I was watching the minute hand intently.

Pretension: Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power There is nothing that man fears more than the touch of the unknown. He wants to see what is reaching towards him, and to be able to recognize or at least classify it.

Man always tends to avoid physical contact with anything strange. Why would you want to rhetorically dismiss half the people on the planet every time you communicate some grand universal notion?

Speak to everyone. After September 11, , you thought our country had changed for the better.

But the months that followed proved otherwise. We began to divide ourselves and the partisan bickering that had been absent from blood donor lines and church services started all over again.

Propagandists crave division, and come well versed in language designed to sow it. Alex, my webmaster daughter, is the third author.

Bad enough we had to fit Evanovich on once, much less twice! This is insufferable. Sometimes even the greatest of writers need to be reminded to take in the slack.

Too much sugar will make your writing seem flowery and pretentious. Suppose you had written the above passage as part of a rough draft, and now the time had come to polish it up a bit with The Well-Spoken Thesaurus.

Take care to select the proper ratios and flavors. An embarrassment of sugar will leave your prose flowery and pretentious. Too much garlic, and your writing will taste academic and stiff.

And always be mindful of your audience. Try not to serve vichyssoise to a coal miner, and do not give Cheerios to the queen of England. Neither will be amused.

No conventional thesaurus can do that. No vocabulary builder. No style guide. Start with the boxes.

They contain some of the most impressive examples of eloquence this book has to offer. Then move to the common word entries, under which you will often find not one but several eloquent alternatives.

It must not be thought, however, that my choices are informed by anything other than personal taste.

So feel free to take exception, and memorize the one alternative that most appeals to you. In any case, the quickest and most effective way to do this is to write each of your favored alternatives on flash cards paired against their corresponding common word entries and review them daily.

Only then will these words begin to inform the way you speak. Also, as a general rule, limit the use of foreign and academic words to those occasions when your subject is foreign or, when your audience is peopled with academics.

I include both categories as words that are good to know but not necessarily to use at every occasion. Finally, should you ever happen upon any eloquent words or phrases that I have neglected, email them to me along with your name and address.

They met upon the third Wednesday of every month and read each other long, dull papers upon the history of English magic. In love, in art, in avarice, in politics, in labor, in games, we study to utter our painful secret.

The man is only half himself, the other half is his expression. Nobody else could believe, until it was much too late, how heartless and greedy they were.

The look of the town is all I remember. And yet I can hear the sound of the door as we closed it behind us for good.

There is talk of a merger. This is without question the best beer on the menu. Its boards were bowed and creaking; it had been maltreated in its own time.

Samuel Johnson was born, on Sept. He died on Dec. His Falstaffian vitalism is always my first thought when I reread, teach again or continue brooding upon the canonical critic of Western literature.

It is violence punctuated by committee meetings. But all those things will be regarded as high qualities if he can make them the means to achieve great ends.

I am caught and tangled around by their doings. It is as if their lives left a weaving of invisible threads in the air of this house, of this town, of this county.

And I stumbled and fell into them. These become their immediate theme; and the result is that they are always under their influence, and so never, in any real sense of the word, are original.

I make no secret of my past. It comes in the wake of a full moon. This pottery is of similar date.

A feverish, a brutal crowd. On his feet near the door, closely pressed in a bank of human bodies and sharing the heavy atmosphere passing in and out of their mouths, he stared without seeing them at the black and rumbling vaults over which flickered the shining eyes of the train.

You cover nine hundred miles in two weeks: the whole of Anatolia in a cloud of dust. Without hurry, without rest, the human spirit goes forth from the beginning to embody every faculty, every thought, every emotion, which belongs to it, in appropriate events.

Henry Dashwood to his wishes, which proceeded not merely from interest, but from goodness of heart, gave him every degree of solid comfort which his age could receive; and the cheerfulness of the children added a relish to his existence.

The water is slow with cold, and on its surface it wrinkles as it moves, or even, sometimes, makes plates or flakes that are solid. This is ice.

His presentation was well-received. You will find thick water, not light and quick moving as it is with us. Free they are not. Woodward, New York Times, Nov.

But unlike that quaint or perhaps faux quaint town, New London is becoming as recognized for its independent art scene as for its handsome harbor.

For instance, Darwinism was accepted as a matter of course. Her dismissal came as a consequence of her own making. On Thursday afternoons he drives to Greenpoint.

Punctually at 2 p. It is a feature of his profession on which he does not remark to Soraya. I think now that maybe I never would. And on that instant Brother Juniper made the resolve to inquire into the secret lives of those five persons, that moment falling through the air, and to surprise the reason of their taking off.

With both you are working with reality, a material just as hard as wood. She refused to lend support to either party. A good lawyer knows when to speak, and when to keep her counsel.

I get off my bicycle and refuse to go further in their company, or I pretend to be insulted and tell them in no uncertain terms to clear off.

One of them was a science fiction writer named Kilgore Trout. He was a nobody at the time, and he supposed his life was over.

He was mistaken. As a consequence of the meeting, he became one of the most beloved and respected human beings in history. Sucksby a penny to take me begging at a play.

People used to like to take me begging then, for the sake of my bright hair; and Flora being also very fair, she would pass me off as her sister.

It died for want of water and sun. If the talk began to wander, or cross the border into familiarity, I would soon find reason to excuse myself.

Any distress at the termination of my intrigue with Betty was amply compensated for by my joy at the happy ending of a troublesome affair which might have proved fatal for me.

It must be, if the nebular hypothesis has any truth, older than our world; and long before this earth ceased to be molten, life upon its surface must have begun its course.

It may be that the birth and death of the day had some part in the feeling about the two ranges of mountains. There are those who expect a political system to produce that; and others who expect the love to produce the system.

My own faith is that the truth of the future lies between the two and we shall behave humanly and a bit humanely, stumbling along, haphazardly generous and gallant, foolishly and meanly wise until the rape of our planet is seen to be the preposterous folly that it is.

He believed in giving creatures a little time to think, so he stood in the sun a few minutes until the rattler calmed down and crawled out a hole.

For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness. There is considerable debate over how best to prevent future oil spills.

They looked at her coldly, as if they were finding fault with her. And hurriedly she felt she must cover up some fault in herself.

You are finding fault when the fault is your own. This troubled her, and in her manner she was all the more gentle and anxious for her children, as if she loved them very much.

Maybe the less you have, the more you are required to boast. But it will be a pity if it completely overshadows how significant a story the killing of the British soldiers has become in their country.

What the incidents may have most in common is that they occasion a reckoning of the costs of war. With nothing in common but their destitution, they mustered to sleep together in the Porch of Our Lord, cursing, insulting and jostling each other, picking quarrels with old enemies, or throwing earth and rubbish, even rolling on the ground and spitting and biting with rage.

But the thought is always prior to the fact; all the facts of history preexist in the mind as laws.

John was not what one could term a scholar.

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